Тематико-стилистический анализ литературного текста
Analysis of "Hills Like White Elephants"
The story Hills Like White Elephants was written in 1927 after the World War I that motivated its subject and plot development. The main characters of the story are American man and girl. The action takes place in Spain, where these man and girl are sitting in the outdoor cafe near the railway station. They are going to Madrid in order that the girl would have an abortion: It was very hot and the express from Barcelona would come in forty minutes. It stopped at this junction for two minutes and went to Madrid.
The subject of the story is full of complex psychological motives, among which the most essential ones include the motive of loneliness, despair and desperation.
The narration is represented in the form of description and dialogues, for example:
'Bigones?' a woman asked from the doorway. 'Yes. Two big ones.'
The woman brought two glasses of beer and two felt pads. She put the felt pads and the beer glass on the table and looked at the man and the girl. The girl was looking off at the line of hills
For achievement of the narration goal Hemingway uses different lexical and stylistic devices. The text contains toponym lexical units, which give the author clear representation, where the events takes place. Thus, for examples, the author mentions the Ebro River. The Ebro is a river in north-eastern Spain; the second longest river in Spain: The hills across the valley of the Ebro were long and white. The specificity of Spanish colouring is created by means of using Spanish words and expressions in the text. For example: 'Dos cervezas,' the man said into the curtain. Dos cervezas is the Spanish equivalent to the English expression two beers.
The stylistic colouring of the text is achieved due to using positive and negative constructions in the same sentence, for example: On this side there was no shade and no trees and the station was between two lines of rails in the sun. In this example, we see double negation no shade and no trees, and positive sentence the station was. The presence of colloquial speech or exclamations in the texts is peculiar to dialogues in non-official situation. Thus, when the man explains the girl what is Anis del Toro, the girl used exclamation, for example: 'Everything tastes of liquorice. Especially all the things you've waited so long for, like absinthe.' 'Oh, cut it out.'
The expressive filling of the story is formed by using epithets. They allow Hemingway to create contrast, for example: They were white in the sun and the country was brown and dry. Here, we see the contrast created due to opposition of two colour words – white and brown. The contrast in the text is also created to using antonymous parallel lexical units, for example: unhappy – happy → 'That's the only thing that bothers us. It's the only thing that's made us unhappy.' The girl looked at the bead curtain, put her hand out and took hold of two of the strings of beads. 'And you think then we'll be all right and be happy.'
The same potential for creating the expressive effect belongs to metaphors, for example: 'They're lovely hills,' she said. 'They don't really look like white elephants. The expression white elephants is metaphorical. It means something of little or no value. Among the syntactic devices the wide-spread usage belongs to repetitions, for example: 'I love you now. You know I love you.' 'I'll love it. I love it now but I just can't think about it.